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Polish Public Opinion

December 2020

Evaluation of the year 2020
Conditionality of the EU budget
How many coronasceptics are there in Poland?
Models of family life

"Opinions and Diagnoses"

no 45
Social Structure – View before Coronavirus Pandemic

no 46
The Coronavirus Pandemic in Opinions of Poles


Life Satisfaction
Political Party Preferences in January
Opinions about Parliament, President, Constitutional Tribunal, Police and Catholic Church
Increased Interest in COVID-19 Vaccinations
Fear of Coronavirus and Evaluation of Government Actions in January
Moods on the Job Market in the First Half of January
Trust in Politicians in January
Attitude to Government in January
Social Moods in January
Activities and Experiences of Poles in 2020
Year 2020 Marked by Pandemic
Participation in Cultural Activities in 2020

The Covid-19 pandemic and the government restrictions associated with it have resulted in a drop in people’s activity in many areas. However, it is participation in culture that has been most dramatically affected. The proportion of Poles who went to a concert last year dropped by 28 percentage points (from 42% in 2019 to 14% in 2020), which made it the lowest since records began. Likewise, numbers of cinemagoers fell by 27 points (from 53% to 26%), reaching levels last seen in the 1990s. In 2020, 16% of Polish adults went to an exhibition, an art gallery or a museum (a drop of 17 percentage points) and 9% went to the theatre (a drop of 12 points).
These results are obviously connected with the enforced closure of cinemas, museums or theatres for much of the year, and a general ban on cultural events. In such a situation a rise could be expected in those cultural activities that were not subject to restriction, like reading books, for example. The data collected shows, however, that readership levels in 2020 were similar to, or even slightly lower than, the previous year. The proportion of Poles to read at least one book for pleasure was 58%, compared to 61% in 2019.
Rysunek 1

More on this subject in the CBOS report.
This ‘Current Events and Problems’ survey (368) was conducted using a mixed-mode procedure on a representative sample of named adult residents of Poland, randomly selected from the National Identity Number (PESEL) register.
Respondents independently selected one of the following methods:
– Computer Assisted Personal Interview (CAPI);
– Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI), respondents receiving researchers’ telephone numbers in an introductory letter from CBOS;
– Computer Assisted Web Interview (CAWI), where respondents filled in the online questionnaire independently, gaining access by means of a login and password provided in an introductory letter from CBOS.
In all three cases the questionnaire had the same structure and comprised the same questions. The survey was carried out between 4 and 14 January 2021 inclusive on a sample of 1150 people (44.1% using the CAPI method, 42.8% CATI and 13.1% CAWI).
CBOS has been conducting statutory research using the above procedure since May 2020, stating in each case the percentage of personal, telephone and internet interviews.

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