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Polish Public Opinion

September 2021

Attitude to refugees and the situation of migrants at the border
Use of health benefits and insurance
Problems with water
Reading books

"Opinions and Diagnoses"

no 45
Social Structure – View before Coronavirus Pandemic

no 46
The Coronavirus Pandemic in Opinions of Poles

no 47
Ecology and Energy – Actions and Opinions


Poles about Dispute with the EU and Membership in This Organization
Attitude to Government in the First Half of October
Opinions about Parliament and President
Trust in Politicians in October
Social Moods in October
Attitude to COVID-19 Vaccinations and Perception of Government Policy in October
Political Party Preferences in the Second Half of October
Moods on the Job Market in the Second Half of October
Polish-German Relations – Evaluation and Perceived Problems
Parent’s Spending on Education of Children in School Year 2021/2022
Improvement in Polish Attitudes to Gay Men and Lesbians

A clear improvement in people’s attitudes to gay men and lesbians can be seen when comparing current survey results with those of two years ago. Every third respondent (34%) now believes that they should be able to be open about their orientation in public (an increase of 6 percentage points on 2019). Likewise, a third of the people surveyed are of the opinion that lesbian and gay couples should be able to marry (an increase of 5 points on 2019). Moreover, the percentage of Poles in favour of giving gay and lesbian couples the right to adopt children has virtually doubled – from 9% in the previous survey to a current high of 16%. It is worth noting that, although these increases have mostly been at the expense of the opposite opinions, in all three areas there has also been a rise in ‘Hard to say’ answers. This means that at present about every tenth respondent has no view on these issues.
Approval for giving rights to gay men and lesbians in all three of these areas is currently the highest since records began.
Rysunek 1

More on this subject in the CBOS report.
This ‘Current Events and Problems’ survey (376) was conducted using a mixed-mode procedure on a representative sample of named adult residents of Poland, randomly selected from the National Identity Number (PESEL) register.
Respondents independently selected one of the following methods:
– Computer Assisted Personal Interview (CAPI);
– Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI), respondents receiving researchers’ telephone numbers in an introductory letter from CBOS;
– Computer Assisted Web Interview (CAWI), where respondents filled in the online questionnaire independently, gaining access by means of a login and password provided in an introductory letter from CBOS.
In all three cases the questionnaire had the same structure and comprised the same questions. The survey was carried out between 6 – 16 September 2021 inclusive on a sample of 1218 people (62.4% using the CAPI method, 25% CATI and 12.6% CAWI).
CBOS has been conducting statutory research using the above procedure since May 2020, stating in each case the percentage of personal, telephone and internet interviews.

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tel. (0048) 22 625 76 23; fax (0048) 22 629 40 89